Wondering what is my skin type? You would think that knowing your skin type is simple enough. But so many people get it wrong. When you think about it, it is not that surprising. Most people have never had a professional skin analysis to really know. And it is easy to get confused between skin types and skin conditions.
Even though there are five skin types and eight condition conditions, everyone’s skin is different and responds uniquely to skin care routines and products. Even so, it is important to know your skin type and skin conditions. Doing that enables you to develop the right skin care routine and identify the best products for your skin. This helps you to achieve and maintain healthy skin, and look great.
In fact, following the wrong skin care routine and using the wrong skin care products can be disastrous for your skin and result in skin damage. If you have read our page on healthy skin, you would already know about the importance of the skin barrier and that you should not be incorporating any actives in your skin care routine if it is impaired.
So let us dive right in.
Skin is dry in some areas and oily in others
The forehead, nose and chin may experience breakouts
Blackheads or whitehead may be visible on the nose
Pores may be enlarged in the oily areas
At home care
Use a gel cleanser
Deep cleanse pores only in oily areas
Exfoliate to help clear pores and avoid buildup of dead skin cells
Hydrate the skin without exacerbating dryness or oiliness
Use occlusives in dry areas
Protect the skin from environmental factors and UV damage
When the cells in our skin that make melanin are unhealthy or damaged, there can be pigmentary changes. This can appear as hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation.
Sun exposure is the primary cause of hyperpigmentation, typically sun spots or solar lentigines. However hormonal changes can cause dark patches, known as melasma, on the forehead and checks. Acne and other skin trauma sometimes cause dark spots to appear or what is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Certain drugs can also be a trigger.
Here we are only going to cover hyperpigmentation.
Skin has hyperpigmented spots
Skin has patches of hyperpigmentation, or
Skin has an uneven tone
At home care
Use a gel, cream or milk or cleanser
Exfoliate to maintain cell turnover and reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation
Use antioxidants to fight UV damage
Hydrate the skin
Use actives to minimise the amount of melanin in the skin
Use proven actives to treat the areas of hyperpigmentation
Stay out of the sun and use a mineral broad-spectrum sunscreen
Avoid, if possible, medication that can cause hyperpigmentation.